Making cannabis tincture: A simple guide

Cannabis Tinktur herstellen: Ein einfacher Leitfaden

Niklas Bergmann, M.A.

Biochemiker, Fachautor

Inhaltsverzeichnis: Making cannabis tincture: A simple guide

Cannabis tinctures offer an effective way to get the benefits of cannabis without having to smoke. By simply macerating cannabis in high-proof alcohol you can create a potent and versatile extract that can be used both for medicinal as well as for recreational purposes purposes. In this article, we'll explain how to make it in five simple steps to make your own cannabis tincture. We also cover the effectsthe different application options and tips on how to use and store the tincture safely. Whether you are looking for a natural treatment for pain or simply looking for a relaxing effect you will learn everything you need to know to make your own cannabis tincture.

Making cannabis tincture

Step 1: Choosing the right alcohol

Choosing the right alcohol is crucial for making a cannabis tincture. You need a high-proof alcohol as this can effectively extract the cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant material. Ethanol with a strength of 95% is ideal, but other high-proof spirits such as Everclear or high-proof grain are also suitable. Make sure the alcohol is suitable for human consumption.

Step 2: Decarboxylation of the cannabis

Before the cannabis is placed in alcohol, it must be decarboxylated to convert the acidic forms of cannabinoids (such as THCA and CBDA) into their active forms (THC and CBD). Spread the chopped cannabis evenly on a baking sheet and heat it in the oven at 110°C for about 30 to 40 minutes. This step is important to ensure the maximum potency of your tincture.

Step 3: Maceration process

After decarboxylation, place the cannabis in a sealable glass jar and pour the alcohol over it so that it is completely covered. Close the jar tightly and place it in a dark, cool place. Leave it there for about two to four weeks. Shake the jar every few days to encourage extraction.

Step 4: Filtration of the tincture

After maceration, you need to filter the tincture to remove plant residues and other insoluble substances. Use a fine-mesh sieve, a coffee filter or a piece of muslin cloth. Carefully pour the tincture through the filter medium into a clean container. Repeat this process if necessary to obtain a clear liquid.

Step 5: Dosing and storage

The finished tincture should be stored in small, dark glass bottles to protect it from light and air, which will extend its shelf life. Start with a small dose to test the effect and make sure you observe your body's reaction to it. The tincture can be dosed and used as needed.

Cannabis tincture effect

Understanding the mechanism of action

Cannabis tinctures work by containing cannabinoids such as THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol), which enter the bloodstream directly when the tincture is taken sublingually (under the tongue). This allows for faster and more efficient absorption than smoking or eating cannabis products, as the digestive tract is bypassed. The cannabinoids interact with the body's endocannabinoid system, which plays a key role in regulating mood, pain perception, appetite and other functions.

Potential health benefits

Cannabis tinctures offer various health benefits, which can vary depending on the composition of the cannabinoids:

  • Pain relief: THC in particular is known for its pain-relieving properties and is often used for chronic pain.
  • Anxiety and stress relief: CBD has a calming effect and can help reduce anxiety and stress.
  • Sleep improvement: Cannabis can help treat sleep disorders and improve sleep quality.
  • Anti-inflammatory: CBD has anti-inflammatory properties that can be useful for various inflammatory conditions.
  • Support for neurological disorders: There is evidence that cannabis can help treat symptoms of neurological conditions such as epilepsy and multiple sclerosis.

Notes on safety and precautions

Although cannabis tinctures offer many potential benefits, it is important to use them safely and responsibly:

  • Dosage: start with a low dose and gradually increase it to determine personal tolerance.
  • Interactions: Cannabis can interact with other medications. Consult a doctor, especially if you are already taking medication.
  • Side effects: Possible side effects include dry mouth, dizziness, changes in blood pressure, and psychological effects such as anxiety or paranoia, especially at high doses or in those prone to mental illness.
  • Legal status: Check the legal status of cannabis in your area, as the production, possession and use of cannabis products are not legal everywhere.

Cannabis tincture use

Cannabis tinctures are popular due to their versatility and ease of dosing. They can be used for medicinal purposes as well as for relaxation and recreational use. Here you can find out how to use cannabis tinctures safely and effectively.

Medicinal use

Cannabis tinctures are often used to treat a variety of symptoms and conditions:

  • Pain relief: Many people use cannabis tinctures to relieve chronic pain, including pain caused by inflammation or nerve damage.
  • Treatment of nausea: Especially for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, cannabis can help reduce nausea and vomiting.
  • Improving sleep: Tinctures can help combat insomnia and improve sleep quality.
  • Neurological disorders: Patients with conditions such as multiple sclerosis or epilepsy use cannabis tinctures to help control symptoms such as muscle spasms or seizures.

Relaxation and recreational use

In addition to medical applications, many people also use cannabis tinctures for relaxation:

  • Stress relief: a small dose can help reduce stress and anxiety.
  • Mood elevation: Cannabis can elevate mood and promote a sense of well-being.
  • Social interactions: Some users report increased sociability and improved social interactions.

Tips for first time users

If you are using a cannabis tincture for the first time, consider the following tips:

  • Start with a low dose: As the potency of tinctures can vary greatly, it is advisable to start with a very small dose to see how your body reacts.
  • Sublingual use: For a quick effect, you can put a few drops under your tongue and hold them there for about 30 seconds before swallowing. This allows for quick absorption of the cannabinoids into the bloodstream.
  • Observe the effect: The effects can vary depending on the dosage and individual reaction. Pay attention to how you feel and adjust the dose accordingly.
  • Pay attention to reactions: If you notice side effects such as dizziness, dry mouth or unusual anxiety, reduce the dose or consult a doctor.

Using cannabis tinctures can be an effective way to address various health issues or simply help you relax. However, it is important to use these products responsibly and to be aware of the legal requirements in your area.

Cannabis tincture alcohol

Cannabis tinctures are traditionally made by extracting cannabinoids and other bioactive compounds from the cannabis plant with alcohol. This section explains the role of alcohol in this process and introduces alternative solvents that can also be used.

The role of alcohol in extraction

Alcohol is a powerful solvent that is commonly used due to its ability to efficiently extract cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. The high percentage of alcohol allows the fat-soluble components of the cannabis plant, including terpenes and flavonoids, to dissolve and pass into the solution.

  • Efficiency: Ethanol, the most commonly used alcohol solvent for tinctures, extracts cannabinoids quickly and completely.
  • Safety: Compared to other solvents, ethanol is relatively safe to handle and leaves no harmful residue when used properly.
  • Quality preservation: Alcohol preserves the bioactive compounds, which extends the shelf life of the tincture.

Alternative solvents

Besides alcohol, there are other solvents that can be used to extract cannabinoids from cannabis, but they have different advantages and disadvantages.

  • Glycerine: This solvent is non-toxic and is often used as an alternative to alcohol. It is less effective at extracting cannabinoids, but produces a sweeter tincture that can be more pleasant in taste.
  • Oils (such as coconut or olive oil): These are natural extracting agents and are particularly good for those who prefer an alcohol-free tincture. They are safe to use and can also extract cannabinoids effectively, although extraction is slower than with alcohol.
  • Supercritical CO2: This method is often used in commercial settings and is very efficient at extracting cannabinoids and terpenes without solvent residue. However, the equipment for CO2 extraction is expensive and usually not suitable for home use.

Cannabis tincture recipe

Cannabis tinctures are a simple and efficient way to get the benefits of cannabis in a concentrated form. Here is a basic recipe for making a cannabis tincture as well as some variations to address specific needs.

Basic recipe


  • Cannabis flowers (amount depends on desired strength and legal restrictions)
  • High proof alcohol (at least 60% alcohol content, ideally 95% ethanol)


  1. Decarboxylation: Preheat your oven to 110°C. Roughly chop the cannabis flowers and spread them on a baking tray. Bake the cannabis for about 30 to 40 minutes to activate the cannabinoids.
  2. Macerate: Place the decarboxylated cannabis in a sealable glass jar and pour enough alcohol over it to cover it completely. Close the jar tightly.
  3. Leave to soak: Place the jar in a cool, dark place and leave it for at least two weeks. Shake the jar every few days to encourage extraction.
  4. Filtration: Filter the mixture through a fine sieve or coffee filter into a clean container. Repeat if necessary to remove all solids.
  5. Storage: Pour the filtered tincture into dark dropper bottles. Store in a cool, dark place.

Variations for special needs

1st CBD-rich tincture:

  • Use a CBD-dominant cannabis strain to create a tincture with low psychoactive effects that still offers the potential therapeutic benefits of CBD.

2. flavored tincture:

  • Add natural flavors during the steeping process, such as lemon zest, mint or vanilla. These ingredients can add a more pleasant flavor to the final product.

3. tincture with added herbs:

  • Incorporate other medicinal herbs such as chamomile, lavender or echinacea, which can work synergistically with cannabis to promote relaxation or support the immune system.

4. alcohol-free tincture:

  • Replace the alcohol with glycerin or a carrier oil such as coconut oil. Note that extraction efficiency and shelf life may vary.

5. quick tincture:

  • Gently heat the cannabis-alcohol mixture in a water bath for about 20 minutes on low heat to speed up the extraction process. Be sure to do this in a well-ventilated environment and away from open flames.

These recipes and variations allow you to customize a cannabis tincture to your specific needs and preferences. Whether you're looking for therapeutic effects or simply want a relaxing effect, you can make your own tincture safely and effectively with these instructions.

Make cannabis tincture quickly

For those who don't want to wait weeks for their cannabis tincture to be ready, there are accelerated methods that can significantly shorten the process. Here I explain how to make a cannabis tincture quickly and what the pros and cons of these faster methods are.

Accelerated methods

1. heating method:

  • Instructions: After decarboxylating the cannabis, you can put the plant residue together with the alcohol in a sealable jar. Place this jar in a water bath heated to around 60°C. Keep the temperature constant and leave the mixture to infuse for around 2 hours. The glass jar should remain tightly closed to minimize the loss of alcohol through evaporation.
  • Equipment: This method requires an accurate thermometer and a way to keep the temperature constant, such as a stovetop or a device specifically designed for tinctures.

2. ultrasonic extraction:

  • Instructions: This modern method uses ultrasonic technology to break down the cell walls of the cannabis faster and release the cannabinoids. This can take anywhere from minutes to hours, depending on the device.
  • Equipment: Ultrasonic extractors tend to be more expensive and are more commonly used in professional settings.

Advantages and disadvantages of fast procedures


  • Time efficiency: The biggest attraction of these methods is the significant time savings. Instead of weeks, the process takes only hours or even minutes.
  • Immediate availability: Fast methods allow the tincture to be used almost immediately, which is particularly useful when it is needed urgently.


  • Potential loss of active ingredients: heating can cause volatile terpenes and other delicate compounds to be lost, which can affect the tincture's potency and flavor profile.
  • Equipment requirements: Rapid methods require specialized equipment, which can be an additional investment.
  • Safety risks: Heating alcohol-based mixtures can be dangerous, especially if proper safety precautions are not taken.

Although accelerated methods for making cannabis tinctures can be attractive, it is important to weigh the pros and cons and ensure that all safety guidelines are followed. For those who are willing to invest in the necessary equipment and familiarize themselves with the technical aspects, these methods can offer a valuable alternative.


1. versatility and control: Making your own cannabis tinctures allows for precise control over the composition and potency, which is often difficult with commercially available products. By choosing the cannabis, solvent and steeping time, each user can customize the effect.

2. medicinal and relaxing use: Cannabis tinctures are not only used for the medical treatment of various symptoms such as pain, nausea and insomnia, but also for relaxation and stress relief. Sublingual application ensures rapid absorption of the active ingredients, providing effective and timely relief.

3. important considerations: Although cannabis tinctures offer many benefits, they are not without risks. Correct dosage, handling of the alcohol and observing the legal situation are crucial. Especially in countries like Germany, where cannabis is strictly regulated, users must be careful and abide by the applicable laws.

4. accelerated methods: For those who don't want to wait long, fast extraction methods offer a viable alternative, although they require an investment in specialized equipment and some technical know-how. They allow the tincture to be produced almost instantly, but should be used with caution to avoid safety risks.

Making cannabis tinctures offers an excellent way to harness the therapeutic benefits of cannabis in a personalized and controlled manner. With the right information and tools, anyone can safely and effectively make and use their own tincture.

Niklas Bergmann, Fachautor

Freut euch auf die Insights von unserem Biochemiker Niklas Bergmann! Mit seinem tiefen Verständnis für alles, was mit Hanf zu tun hat, liefert er euch die neuesten und coolsten Infos direkt in euer Feed. Schnörkellos und klar verpackt er das komplexe Thema Cannabinoide und macht es für euch easy zugänglich. Mit Niklas an der Spitze unseres Wissens-Teams seid ihr immer top informiert.